Proponents share the goal of understanding the world of lived experience from the perspective of those who live in it.  This collection was the result of a conference held in 2006, sponsored by the National Communication Association as a Summer institute, entitled "Catching ourselves in the Act: A Collaboration to Enrich our Discipline Through Social Constructionist Approaches." Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. This way of conceptualizing this relationship is a logical result of the circumstantial differences of their emergence. In subsequent analyses these differences between PCP and SC were framed around several points of tension, formulated as binary oppositions: personal/social; individualist/relational; agency/structure; constructivist/constructionist. 292-331). Introduction: constructivism and social constructionism in the career field. (1997). Bury, M. (1986). Reliability in Qualitative Research. Journal of Vocational Behaviour 64(3), 373-388. " At that event, John Stewart in his keynote presentation, suggested it was time to choose a single term among the set then common (social constructionist, social constructivism, social constructivist), and proposed using the simper form: social construction. That is, the conclusions of research themselves constitute just another account and as such cannot claim to have precedence over any other account. On one hand, it extends and enriches SC theory and points to benefits of applying the PCP "toolkit" in constructionist therapy and research. The social construction of gender is created through social interaction – through the things we do and say with other people. Berger and Luckmann (1991) view society as existing both as objective and subjective reality. Charmaz, K. (2000). The relevancy of such research can be questioned. Communication is the process through which we construct and reconstruct social worlds. For example, as parents negotiate rules for their children to follow, those rules confront the children as externally produced "givens" that they cannot change. Indeed, Burr (1995) suggests that our identity originates not from inside the person but from the social realm. London: Routledge. It features a good overview of resources from that disciplinary perspective The collection of essays published in Galanes and Leeds-Hurwitz (2009) should also be useful to anyone interested in how social construction actually works during communication. define social construction as “a theoretical perspective that explores the ways in which ‘reality’ is negotiated in everyday life through people’s interactions and through sets of discourses” (p. 122). Berger and Luckmann's social constructionism has its roots in phenomenology. "Borders. This is institutionalised by society to the extent that future generations experience this type of knowledge as objective. In Denzin, N. and Lincoln, Y. Ridly, M. (2004). Social constructionism is essentially an anti-realist, relativist stance (Hammersley, 1992). For Hammersley (1992) the solution is to adopt neither position but one midway between the two, one that he terms subtle realism. This results in political inertia because of the reluctance of social constructionist research to make any recommendations (Bury, 1986).  With Berger and Luckmann's The Social Construction of Reality published in 1966, this concept found its hold. Craib (1997), a sociologist and psychotherapist, suggests that like interactionism, social constructionism is no more than a coping mechanism for dealing with rapid change; that social constructionists embrace change in order to avoid having to defend or justify their position on anything. Social construction is something that is created by the society it exists because people agree to behave as if it follows certain conventional rules, an example of this would be the use of money, which is worth anything only because society has agreed to treat it as valuable. Glaser, B. Botella, L. (1995).  In that respect, a social construct as an idea would be widely accepted as natural by the society. Like social constructionism, social constructivism states that people work together to construct artifacts. In other words, critics fail to evaluate the evidence as to how the theory is applied in practice in order to support their critique. , A usual way of thinking about the relationship between PCP and SC is treating them as two separate entities that are similar in some aspects, but also very different in others. With grounded theory not the same as claiming that it has therefore an epistemological not an ontological.... 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